Heart disease is a medical condition that is largely genetic. It strikes individuals of all ages, from infants to the elderly, and signifies that there are problems with the heart. Many of the varieties of heart disease involve the blood vessels, as in coronary artery disease or problems in the rhythm of the heart, such as arrhythmia or congenital heart disease, which is a defect the individual is born with. The other term for heart disease is “cardiovascular disease.” This generally tends to refer to blood vessels in the heart that are blocked or considerably narrow and can lead to problems such as a heart attack, stroke or angina. With any type of heart disease, it is mandatory to have heart disease treatment.
If you suffer from cardiovascular disease, there are treatments that involve changes in lifestyle, such as eating a low sodium diet, incorporating a half hour of moderate exercise on a daily basis, avoiding smoking and tobacco products, and cutting down on your alcohol intake. There are also medications you can take, such as those to lower blood pressure, inhibitors and beta blockers, blood thinners, and cholesterol-lowering medications like fibrates or statins. Then, there are also surgical options to clear the blockage in the heart or to widen a narrow passage. This procedure is known as a coronary angioplasty, and the doctor places a stent or catheter in an artery in the groin that leads to the heart.
Treatments for a heart arrhythmia can include medication, certain medical procedures, and surgery that would place a pacemaker in the heart. Additional surgery can be performed for severe heart arrhythmias that involve open-heart procedures. After undergoing such treatment, the individual may need several months of recovery. Due to this fact, this particular treatment should be considered as a last resort when other options have not worked.
For treatment of heart disease that involves a heart defect, there are medical procedures that involve catheters without surgery to repair the problem. Medications can also help to treat a more mild congenital heart condition, and they are particularly helpful in cases that are detected in childhood or adulthood. Other options include open-heart surgery to repair the defect in the heart, and a long recovery time is recommended. In the worst case scenario, the individual may require a heart transplant.
In any scenario in which heart disease is suspected, the individual should always seek medical attention from their doctor. Your doctor will recommend a heart specialist to you or the individual who is suffering from heart disease to get the best and appropriate care.